CU Družba DormitoriesComenius University Bratislava

TRAINING ON FIRE PROTECTION AND HEALTH AND SAFETY

Information on fire protection and health and safety

1)  Fire Protection

Content and scope of fire protection training for residents:

a) familiarisation with the general fire protection requirements inside buildings and premises at the Družba UK Student Dormitory (the “Dormitory”)

A fire is any unwanted burning posing a health or safety risk to anyone or any animals, property, or the environment resulting in damage to property, the environment or the injury or death of anyone or any animal.

Everyone has the following general fire-fighting duties when a fire occurs:

a) declare a fire alarm (by yelling ‘HORÍ’ (literally: ‘FIRE’) loudly)

b) take the necessary actions to rescue others,

c) extinguish the fire, if possible, or to take appropriate action to prevent the fire from spreading (e.g. by closing doors, or other fire-rated closures)

d) raise a fire alarm without delay at a Dormitory fire reporting point (or directly to the operations centre of the Integrated Rescue System by calling 112 or 150),

e) provide the responding fire brigade unit with assistance per the request of the fire brigade response commander or the local municipality.

The fire reporting points in the Dormitory are labelled ‘OHLASOVŇA POŽIAROV’ (literally ‘FIRE REPORTING POINT’ and are located at the main desks at dormitories  D1, D2 and Švédske domky.

The obligations of employees and residents in the event of fire defined in the Fire Alarm Guidelines. The organised evacuation of persons from buildings affected or threatened by a fire is governed by the Fire Evacuation Plan. These documents are posted at suitable locations throughout the building to ensure they are visible and accessible to all.

Residents and persons in Dormitory buildings and premises with the approval of Dormitory management have the following duties:

a) comply with marked prohibitions, comply with orders and instructions regarding fire protection,

b) report any fire without any undue delay,

c) allow state fire surveillance authorities to conduct the necessary activities to determine the cause of a fire, and to conduct fire protection inspections.

Declaring a fire alarm:

A fire alarm is declared when a fire occurs in any Dormitory building (by yelling ‘HORÍ’ (literally: ‘FIRE’) loudly). A fire alarm may be declared in buildings D1 and D2 using a fire alarm box (glass box painted red installed on the walls in these buildings on every floor) and then using the local intercom from the front desk area (fire reporting points). A portable megaphone may be used in all buildings to declare a fire alarm.

Attention! Respond immediately when any irregular declaration is made in a Dormitory building (via the intercom, a megaphone, unnatural audible signal, etc.) and determine the kind of event involved and react appropriately and immediately (quickly leave the building, etc.).

Obligations of employees, residents and other persons when a fire occursin Dormitory areas are based on the Fire Alarm Guidelines and the Fire Evacuation Plan:

When a fire occurs:

a) declare a fire alarm in the area (by yelling ‘HORÍ’ (literally: ‘FIRE’) loudly),

b) take the necessary actions to rescue others,

c) report the first over the phone or in person to a fire reporting point - at the entrance desk to the building where the fire occurred, larger fires (which cannot be safely extinguished using available fire-fighting equipment, such as a fire extinguisher) must be reported over the phone using the Integrated Rescue Service’s emergency number by calling 112 or 150.

d) if feasible and safe, move all flammable materials from near the fire to a safe place,

e) attempt to quickly extinguish the fire using available means, e.g. fire extinguishers or the fire hydrants) only if the fire is smaller in nature and does not pose a direct threat to your health or safety, entering smoke-filled rooms to fight a fire is prohibited as smoke-filled rooms pose a high risk of suffocation!),

f) to provide personal or material assistance when requested by the fire brigade response commander,

g) when reporting a fire by calling 150, or 112 the following details must be provided:

  • name and surname of the person reporting the fire,
  • number of the phone from which the fire is being reported,
  • name and exact address of the building in which the fire occurred,
  • a detailed description of the situation at the location where the fire occurred (the location of the fire, what is burning, the scope of the fire, smoke, the floor on which the fire is located, etc.). Once the call is complete, wait for a call-back from the dispatcher to verify the details of the submitted report.

h) quickly evacuate the building if your health or safety is at risk. 

Technical fire equipment – fire water mains (hydrants) and portable fire extinguishers are used to quickly fight fires.

Any fire that occurs and any use of technical fire equipment by a resident must be reported promptly at the Dormitory (fire reporting point for the building).

Evacuation from a threatened building:

  • the evacuation of personnel from a building affected or threatened by a fire is performed with the assistance of summoned employees. Outside of business hours
  • with the assistance of desk staff, roving staff, and summoned employees living in Dormitory buildings. Evacuation is conducted in the direction of the designated evacuation routes through the corridors on the individual floors, using the stairwells and corridors or entrance vestibules of the buildings with exits into open areas,
  • method of evacuation: depending on the circumstances, the concurrent or sequential evacuation will be conducted through separate exits, or using evacuation equipment, including fire lifts and fire ladders operated by the Bratislava Fire Brigade,
  • returning to a room or other areas of the building threatened by fire is prohibited once a fire alarm is declared,
  • materials and personal items may be evacuate at the instructions of the evacuation supervisor or the response commander,
  • after evacuating an area / building, it is necessary to remain at the designated assembly point and not to interfere with the fire brigade’s response; lingering in building entrances is prohibited as well,
  • evacuation assembly points – assemble in an area at a sufficient distance from the building with others (away from smoke and flames and away from building entrances),

the designated assembly point for buildings D1 and D2 is the concrete sports ground at the Dormitory facility in the direction of the Danube River.

  • permission from a responsible Dormitory employee is required to enter any parts of the building affected by a fire once the fire has been extinguished,
  • the evacuation supervisor must be informed of any injuries or health difficulties that occur as a result of the fire, who will ensure they are provided with first aid, or call the emergency medical service by calling 112 or 155 if necessary.

(a first aid kit is located in every fire reporting point, i.e. the building’s main desk)

Important phone numbers:

Integrated Rescue System                                                                   112

Fire and Rescue Corps                                                                          150

Emergency Medical Service                                                                 155

Police                                                                                                       158

b) interpretation of the fire hazard risks characteristic for the Dormitory

Under the Fire Protection Act, the following are prohibited in Dormitory areas:

a)    smoking, starting fires, or using an open flame anywhere in Dormitory buildings and premises,

b)    burning, grass, herbaceous growth, shrubs and trees,

c)    damaging or misusing portable fire extinguishers and fire water mains (hydrants), emergency lighting, fire alarm system equipment,

d)    damaging or removing fire protection documents posted around buildings,

e)  blocking or restricting access to portable fire extinguishers, fire water mains (hydrants) and main utility shut-offs (electricity, gas and water),

f)    damaging, disconnecting, wedging open and removing self-closures on fire-rated doors,

g)    storing bicycles, furniture, flower planters, rubbish and other items in evacuation routes, i.e. in corridors, stairwells, mezzanines and building vestibules (an evacuation route must be kept clear at all times),

h)    declaring a false fire alarm, calling in the fire brigade for no reason, or otherwise misusing the emergency phone line.

The Dormitory considers violation of any of the defined prohibitions a disciplinary offence and Dormitory management will draw consequences against the resident in accordance with the Dormitory rules. A natural person commits an offence as a result of violation of Act 314/2001 on Fire Protection and the Bratislava Fire Brigade may levy a fine as a result under the applicable law.

c) familiarisation with:

 

  • the locations of fire extinguishers and their use
  • the locations of fire hydrants and their use
  • the locations of communications gear

Fire extinguishers are distributed across the floors of the individual buildings and in other areas marked with pictograms, at entrances to buildings, and at the main desk. The fire extinguisher is located at a designated position marked with a fire extinguisher pictogram.

A fire extinguisher is a device containing an extinguishing agent that is disbursed in operation by internal pressure.

The type of fire extinguisher is marked on every individual extinguisher (the composition of the extinguishing agent) instructions for use, and clear indication of the class of fire on which the fire extinguisher may be used.

Fire classes

Class AFires involving solids (e.g. - wood, paper, straw, fabric, coal, rubber,....)

Class  B: Fires involving liquids (e.g. gasoline, diesel fuel, paint, oil, benzene, varnish, alcohol, grease, paraffin...)

 Class CFires involving gases (e.g. methane, propane, coal gas, hydrogen, acetylene,...)

  Class D: Fires involving metals (e.g. - magnesium and its alloys with aluminium)

The following types of fire extinguishers are distributed around Dormitory premises:

Powder-type – used for extinguishing class A, B, C fires. Do not use for extinguishing class D fire and it is not recommended to extinguish machines and devices sensitive to dust. Powder-type fire extinguishers are suitable for extinguishing all types of fire – solid, liquid, gaseous substances and for extinguishing energised electrical equipment (attention! only low voltage). They must not be used to extinguish light alkali metals and their alloys, flammable metals, and precision devices or electronics.  It is activated by pulling the safety pin and then pressing the lever trigger.  Do not invert the fire extinguisher when extinguishing a fire to ensure the pressurised gas cannot escape. 

Water-type – used for extinguishing Class A fires. It is suitable for extinguishing solid substances burning with a flame or smouldering substances (except metals), for example: wood, paper, straw, coal, textiles, rubber, plastics and flammable liquids soluble in water (for example, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones). Do not use to extinguish:  paints, varnishes, grease, waxes, tars, flammable gases. It is activated by pulling the safety pin and then pressing the lever trigger. Do not invert the fire extinguisher when extinguishing a fire to ensure the pressurised gas cannot escape.  Do not use a water-type fire extinguisher on energised electrical equipment!

CO (powder-type) – it is suitable for extinguishing class B and C fires and energised electrical equipment (caution! only low voltage).  Effectively extinguishes fires of flammable gases, liquids, but also solid substances. It must not be used to extinguish alkali metal fires! The area of use is wide: laboratories, server rooms, precision electronics, warehouses of flammable liquids... It is activated by pulling the safety pin and then pressing the lever trigger.

CAUTION using this type of fire extinguisher may cause frostbite as it sub-cools metal parts.

Fire hydrants - these are distributed across the floors of the individual buildings or in the stairwell areas of buildings. Fire hydrants are marked with pictograms. In case of use to fight a fire, open the cabinet and pull the hose out to get closer to the fire itself (if the hose is not connected to the valve and the nozzle, then make sure they are connected). If the hose is too short, connect it to the hose from the next closest hydrant.  Fight the fire after filling the hose with water and opening the nozzle. A C 52 type fire hydrant requires a minimum of 2 people to operate. Before using a fire hydrant, turn off power in the entire zone in which the fire fighting work will take place. Residents are strictly prohibited from tampering with electrical substations, therefore it is recommended to always use a suitable fire extinguisher for fire fighting!

CAUTIONDo not use water to extinguish electrical equipment

Communications gear  - is located at the fire reporting points, i.e. the main desks in buildings.

Main disconnects - for electrical equipment and water shut-offs are labelled with safety signs: MAIN DISCONNECT, CAUTION ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT, MAIN WATER, GAS SHUT-OFF.

Documentation as to the locations of the main electrical disconnects and water and gas shut-offs is kept at the fire reporting points. Only authorised personnel may switch off and operate the main shut-offs and disconnects!

2)  Health and Safety

Basic health and safety assurance measures in Dormitory areas

a)    Residents are obliged to comply with:

  • Obligations, orders and prohibitions resulting from generally binding legal regulations, internal regulations and other regulations in the area of ​​safety and health protection. The Occupational Health and Safety Act, comply with the principles of safe conduct, health protection principles, safe work principles and observe the prescribed work procedures.
  • It is strictly prohibited to smoke and handle open flames in all indoor and outdoor spaces of the buildings (no smoking in rooms and balconies-terraces, no candles, candle holders, incense sticks, etc.).
  • Prohibition of possession and use of narcotic and psychotropic substances.
  • Respect and comply with safety and health signs that apply to a specific item, activity or situation and provide instructions or information necessary to ensure occupational health and safety as necessary, by means of a sign, pictogram, symbol and colour. Signs are used to indicate prohibitions, warnings, commands, to indicate emergency exits, evacuation routes and to locate and mark first aid equipment, as well as to locate fire extinguishing equipment.
  • Comply with the prohibition on entering the areas, staying in areas and performing activities as defined under special regulations that could pose an immediate health or safety threat.
  • Comply with the prohibition on accessing building roofs and terraces. Leaning out of windows, over balconies, etc. is prohibited.
  • After use, switch off electric or gas cooking appliances in kitchenettes and all electrical devices that are to be switched off when you are not present. After each use, it is necessary to immediately disassemble the kettles (do not leave them plugged into the electrical mains on their base), or switch them off from the electrical mains after each use.
  • Observe safety principles for work on electrical equipment (electrical equipment is considered equipment converting any energy into electrical energy, transmission of electrical energy, conversion of electrical energy into other energy, i.e. portable, non-portable, attached and hand-held devices),
  • The Dormitory considers violation of any of the defined obligations and prohibitions a disciplinary offence and Dormitory management will draw consequences against the resident in accordance with the Dormitory rules.

b)   Residents are prohibited from:

  • Use of unauthorised electric heating appliances, in particular cookers, electric spirals, heaters, and others is prohibited. (see the Dormitory Rules and Regulations),
  • Interfering with any electrical equipment and performing any repairs or making modifications thereto.
  • Working on any exposed energised parts of electrical equipment and touching these parts directly or using any object.
  • Defeating any safety, protective, and circuit protection devices.
  • Controlling and operating electrical equipment in a dangerous manner.
  • Using and repairing defective and damaged electrical equipment.
  • Use of chemical substances and chemical preparations with a chemical hazard factor (marked with the symbols toxic, corrosive, irritating, harmful, flammable) for cleaning and sanitation in the units or rooms, i.e. chemical substances and chemical preparations that can harm health, is prohibited.
  • Bringing in and storing flammable liquids inside Dormitory areas is prohibited.
  • The Dormitory considers violation of any of the defined obligations and prohibitions a disciplinary offence and Dormitory management will draw consequences against the resident in accordance with the Dormitory rules.

c)  Residents have the following duties:

  • Follow the manual and instructions provided by the manufacturer and other defined instructions when operating electrical equipment.
  • Ensure that electrical equipment is not overloaded or damaged, electrical equipment and wiring are always freely accessible and not blocked, and readily flammable and highly flammable substances and objects with the potential to cause physical, thermal, chemical or other damage to electrical equipment and wiring are removed from their vicinity.
  • Immediately disconnect malfunctioning electrical equipment and report the malfunction to maintenance dispatching at the Dormitory (symptoms of malfunction include damaged insulation, a burned smell, smoking, abnormal noise, rough operation, loud humming, rough starting, arcing and sparking, etc.).
  • Student residents may only use chemical substances and chemical preparations without hazardous chemical factors for cleaning and sanitation and are obliged to review the manufacturer’s instructions provided on the product’s label, and follow:
  •  the defined work procedure and instructions for use,
  • occupational health and safety instructions,
  • work safety principles,
  •  occupational health principles,
  • safe conduct principles.

Student residents shall use suitable personal protective equipment depending on the nature of the work performed and specified on the product’s label. Use of damaged personal protective equipment or any such equipment that has lost its protective function is prohibited.

d) The Resident commits:

  • To follow the Dormitory’s rules and regulations.
  • To comply with occupational health and safety and fire protection regulations and other related measures.
  • To act in a way that does not pose a threat to the health and safety of myself or others.
  • To always follow the basic rules for work safety, safe conduct and health protection, and thereby avoid injury.
  •  To only use permitted electrical appliances and devices in good working order.
  • If I observe a deficiency that could be a health or safety hazard, I shall report it without delay to maintenance dispatch or the on-duty staff at the front desk.
  • I will not start any fires, smoke, or otherwise use an open flame inside the Dormitory’s premises.
  • I will not leave gas or electrical appliances unattended while in use in the kitchenette and will respect the prohibition on using unauthorised electrical appliances (cookers, heaters, etc.) in rooms and in other areas.
  • I will review the fire alarm guidelines, and fire evacuation plan, which are posted in accessible areas in Dormitory buildings and commit to follow their instructions should a fire occur.
  • I will not damage material fire protection resources installed in buildings, such as portable fire extinguishers, fire water mains, emergency lighting, fire alarm system devices, self-closure devices on fire-rated doors, fire protection documentation, and the like.
  •  I will not use chemical substances and chemical preparations with a chemical hazard factor (marked with the symbols toxic, corrosive, irritating, harmful, flammable) for cleaning and sanitation in the units or rooms, i.e. chemical substances and chemical preparations that can harm health,
  •  If I observe a fire in the building, I will attempt to extinguish the fire (so long as it does not put my health or safety at risk) and if infeasible, I will declare a fire alarm by yellow ‘HORÍ’ (literally: ‘FIRE’) loudly) and then report the fire at the fire reporting point (specific front desks in Dormitory buildings) without undue delay.
  • Residents shall thoroughly review and follow the contents of this document, and comply with the rules and obligations specified in this document.

Updated  16/06/2022 OHS and Fire Protection Specialist Mgr. Michal Stegena

Approved by:

                                                                                              Ing. Jozef Kráľ

 

DIRECTOR FOR COMENIUS UNIVERSITY STUDENT DORMITORIES